From: Thomas Hockey et al. (eds.). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, Springer Reference. New York: Springer, 2007, p. 623

Courtesy of


Setsuro Ikeyama

FlourishedNandod, (Gujaret, India), 1496–1507

Keśava established a line of astronomers in Nandigrāma (Nandod). He was the son of Kamālakara of the Kauśikagotra and the pupil of Vaijanātha. Keśava's three sons, Ananta, Gaeśa, and Rāma, were also noted astronomers. Gaeśa listed more than ten works of his father but only six survive: the Grahakautuka, a treatise on astronomy composed in 1496; the Jātakapaddhati, a popular treatise on horoscopy usually accompanied by a commentary with tables; the Jātakapaddhativivti, a commentary on the preceding; the Tājikapaddhati, a work on annual predictions based on Islamic astrology; the Muhūrtatattva, a work on catarchic astrology; and the Sudhīrańjaī.

Selected References

Dikshit, S. B. (1896). Bhāratīya Jyotisha. Poona. (English translation by R. V. Vaidya. 2 pts. New Delhi: Government of India Press, Controller of Publications, 1969, 1981.)

Dvivedin, Sudhākara (1892). “Gaakataran.ginī.” Pandit, n.s. 14: 53–55. (Reprinted as Gaakatarańginī. Benares, 1933.)

Pingree, David. Census of the Exact Sciences in Sanskrit. Series A. Vol. 2 (1971): 65b–74a; Vol. 3 (1976): 24a; Vol. 4 (1981): 64a–66a; Vol. 5 (1994): 56a–59b. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.

——— (1973). “Keśava.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 7, pp. 314–316. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

——— (1981). Jyotiśāstra. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.