From: Thomas Hockey et al. (eds.). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, Springer Reference. New York: Springer, 2007, pp. 679-680 |
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Lārī: Muṣliḥ al‐Dīn Muḥammad
ibn Ṣalāḥ ibn Jalāl al‐Saʿdī al‐ʿIbādī al‐Anṣārī
al‐Lārī
Sonja Brentjes
Born Lār (Iran),
circa 1510
Died Āmid, Diyār
Bakr (Turkey), 1572
Muṣliḥ
al‐Dīn al‐Lārī was an eagerly sought after scholar
and teacher who worked and wrote in the fields of logic, mathematics, astronomy,
law, Qurʾān‐exegesis (tafsīr), and rational theology
(kalām). He was born in the south‐Iranian city of Lār
and studied with Ghiyāth al‐Dīn al‐Shīrāzī
(died: 1542), a scholar with profound interests in astronomy. Ghiyāth
al‐Dīn wrote, among other things, a commentary on the Almagest
and a commentary on the astronomical handbook by Ulugh
Beg and his collaborators. The first commentary claims to complete
Ptolemy's
book, while the second maintains that it will deliver keys to the astronomers
(for carrying out their profession). Thus, it may well be that Lārī
studied these works as well as the entire scope of problems dealt with by
ʿilm
al‐hayʾa (astronomy) with Shīrāzī. From Iran,
Lārī moved to India and worked some time between 1530 and 1556 at
the Moghul court of Humāyūn (1508–1556). In 1556 he traveled to
the Ottoman Empire, first to Aleppo, then to Istanbul, and finally to Diyār
Bakr. In Diyār Bakr, Lārī worked for Governor Iskandar Pasha.
In 1559, he was appointed head teacher at the Hüsrev Pasha school in Diyār
Bakr and the city's Muftī (a type of legal magistrate).
One mathematical work and three astronomical treatises are known to
be extant today. The mathematical work discusses geometrical problems. The
astronomical treatises are: a commentary, dedicated to Humāyūn,
on ʿAlī Qūshjī's introductory Persian text on astronomy,
a text on dawn and twilight, and an astronomical treatise composed in the
form of questions and answers. His most influential astronomical text, judged
on the basis of the extant copies, was his commentary on Qūshjī's
introductory text. Except for this work, none of Lārī's astronomical
and mathematical writings have been studied so far.
Ihsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin et al. (1997). Osmanlı
Astronomi Literatürü Tarihi (OALT ) (History
of astronomy literature during the Ottoman period). Vol. 1, pp. 179–183. Istanbul:
IRCICA.
Khatipov,
Amed‐Asan [Ahmad‐Hasan]
Emirovich and A. U. Usmanov
(1974).
“Ob astronomicheskom traktate Ali Kushchi ‘Risala dar
falakiyat’ i kommentarii k nemu Muslih al‐Dina Ansari.” In Actes
du XIIIe Congrès international d'histoire des sciences, Moscou, 18–24
août 1971, sect. 3–4, pp. 139–141. Moscow: Nauka.
Rosenfeld, B. A.
and Ekmeleddin Ihsanoğlu
(2003).
Mathematicians, Astronomers, and Other Scholars of Islamic Civilization
and Their Works (7th–19th c.). Istanbul: IRCICA, p. 331.
Usmanov, Ahror Usmon (1972). “O kommentarii Ansari
k astronomicheskomu traktatu
Ali Kushchi ‘Risala dar falakiyat.’ ” Trudy Samarkandskogo gos. universiteta
im. A. Navoi, Samarqand
(TSGU) 203: 47–52.